Environmentalists Shoot Down Bill that Will Lift Ban on Incineration

Quezon City.
Some 100 advocates for environmental health and climate justice gathered in
front of Batasang Pambansa to denounce a legislative measure, which, if
enacted, will lift the landmark waste incineration ban under R.A. 8749, or the
Clean Air Act.

Led by the EcoWaste Coalition and other pro-Zero Waste groups, the protestors
slammed House Bill 3161 introduced by Caloocan 2nd District Rep.
Edgar Erice that seeks to amend Section 20 of the Clean Air Act to allow the
use of incinerators to burn municipal, bio-medical and hazardous wastes in
light of the country’s garbage problems.

In a position paper submitted to Manila 5th District Rep. Amado
Bagatsing, Chair of the House Committee on Ecology, the EcoWaste Coalition
asked the Committee not to back HB 3161, which the group described “as a
regressive step that can only worsen instead of solving the country’s garbage
problems.” Instead, the group urged the Committee to uphold the full implementation
of RA 8749 and also RA 9003, or the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act, which
also prohibits waste incineration.

“The incineration of waste simply transforms the garbage problem into a
formidable air pollution problem which would be more difficult and costlier to
deal with,” said Aileen Lucero, National Coordinator of the EcoWaste Coalition.

“The burning of discards will liberate the heavy metals and other toxic
substances present in the waste stream. The process of burning chlorinated materials,
including some plastics, also creates super toxic substances, including proven
carcinogens like dioxins and furans,” she explained.

“We maintain that the DENR does not have the capacity to monitor incinerators
for these emissions of concern, so a decision to allow incinerators will only
result in a more insidious pollution problem that will be difficult to
address,” she emphasized.

Anne Larracas of the Global Alliance for Incinerator Alternatives noted that
“studies show that burning recyclable or reusable resources initiates a
climate-changing cycle of new resources drawn out of the Earth, processed in
factories, shipped and used around the world, and then wasted in incinerators
and landfills.”

“Incineration of wastes will still create a need for landfills as the process
of incineration produces toxic ash and air particulates that will still need
appropriate area for storage and hence, instead of limiting the aggregation of
wastes, the proposed bill will create more toxic wastes that are harder to
manage,” Larracas explained.

Merci Ferrer, Director of Health Care Without Harm Asia, added that “burning or
incineration of bio-medical waste, by its nature, produces harmful pollutants,
with dioxins and furans among the most harmful of the lot.”

“To incinerate bio-medical waste and at the same time meet the regulatory
standards set by the Clean Air Act would be very costly and, by its
impracticability, would render incineration a non-solution,” Ferrer added.

“Given the availability of alternative non-burn technologies with proven
environmentally responsible track records, there is no need for the country to
retrogress to incinerating bio-medical waste,” she added.

For her part, Atty. Gloria Estenzo-Ramos, Coordinator of the Philippine Earth
Justice Center mentioned that “HB No. 3161 allowing incineration is a shameful
act of backsliding and a grave manifestation of the utter lack of the political
will of the state agencies to implement our long languishing environmental and
climate related laws.”

“R.A. 9003, as presently worded and if only properly implemented, could
effectively reduce the volume of waste and change the existing throw‐away mentality. What should be better addressed by amendment are the
gaps in the law, such as provisions for disposal of hospital and other
hazardous wastes and increased penalty for non‐performing
public officials,” Atty. Ramos pointed out.
“We request our Congress to conduct a serious investigation in aid of
legislation why executive agencies tasked to implement our environmental laws
have utterly failed in their mission. Investigation, not incineration, is the
urgent call of the hour,” Atty. Ramos stated.

Among the groups that submitted position papers to the Committee on Ecology were the Cavite Green Coalition, EcoWaste Coalition, Global Alliance for Incinerator Alternatives, Green Convergence for Safe Food, Healthy Environment and Sustainable Economy,Health Care Without Harm, Partnership for Clean Air and the Philippine Earth Justice Center.

Also present to express their objection to the removal of the incineration ban under the R.A. 8749 were the representatives from Buklod Tao, Greenpeace Southeast Asia, Kongreso ng Pagkakaisa ng mga Maralita ng Lungson, Miriam PEACE, November 17 Movement, Zero Waste Recycling Movement of the Philippines Foundation, Zero Waste Philippines and the Zone One Tondo Organization.


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