EcoWaste Coalition, an environmental network promoting zero waste and public
health, urged national and local governmental agencies to inspect all garbage
transfer stations, dumpsites and landfills in Metro Manila and adjacent
provinces following intense monsoon rains induced by tropical storm “Maring.”
The group specifically called on the National Solid Waste Management Commission
(NSWMC), which is under the Office of President Benigno S. Aquino III, to check
on the conditions of the accident-prone waste facilities amid the stormy weather.
Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), which chairs the NSWMC,
is tasked under Republic Act 9003, the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act, “to exercise visitorial and enforcement powers
to ensure strict compliance with this Act.”
“The severe rains and floods that hit Metro Manila and 10 provinces across Central
and Southern Luzon might have loosened the mass of garbage, created water pools, damaged
leachate collection ponds, weakened retention walls or destroyed the fencing of
waste facilities in storm-affected areas,” said Christina Vergara, Zero Waste
Campaigner, EcoWaste Coalition.
“As a precaution against hazardous ‘garbageslides’ and spills waiting to happen,
we urge the NSWMC to proactively work with local government units as well as
with private operators in assessing the safety of the facilities following the
harsh weather situations,” she said.
The EcoWaste Coalition recalled that the Payatas “garbageslide” in Quezon City
on July 10, 2000 happened after days of incessant rains, which triggered a 50-foot
wall of garbage to cave in and bury hundreds of people alive.
On July 29, 2009, the perimeter wall of the Rodriguez landfill in Rizal
Province gave way at the height of typhoon “Kiko” unleashing garbage into a
On August 27, 2011, heavy rains caused the retaining wall of the Irisan
dumpsite in Baguio City to crush, killing five people.
As per the NSWMC database, there are 21 “sanitary” landfills, 73 open dumpsites
and 36 controlled dumpsites located in Metro
Manila, Region 3 (Central Luzon) and Region 4A (CALABARZON) that are located
near or within environmentally-critical areas.
Operating landfills are situated in Norzagaray and San Jose Del Monte City in
Bulacan, Santa Rosa in Nueva Ecija, Capas in Tarlac, Trece Martires City in
Cavite, Kalayaan, Calamba City and San Pedro City in Laguna, Morong, Rodriguez
and San Mateo in Rizal and Navotas City and Quezon City in Metro Manila.
The EcoWaste Coalition emphasized that waste disposal sites, including
so-called engineered landfills, can never be fully safe even with costly pollution
mitigation devices; hence the need for rigorous maintenance and monitoring.
The group reminded that “today’s state-of-the-art landfills are expected to be
threats to groundwater quality for hundreds to thousands of years after closure”
as calculated by US environmental health experts.
In lieu of landfills as well as incinerators, the EcoWaste Coalition proposed
greater investments on effective programs that will prevent and reduce the volume and toxicity of society’s discards.
Such programs should include clean production, product redesign, toxics use
reduction, reduced packaging, eco-friendly consumption, segregation at source,
reuse, recycling and composting, as well as the closure, cleanup and
rehabilitation of dumpsites and their replacements with community-driven
materials recovery facilities or ecology centers, the group said.
Reference re visitorial and enforcement powers of
Reference re dumpsites and landfills in Region 3, Region 4A and NCR:
landfills would remain a threat to groundwater quality:
“Three R’s Managed Garbage Protects Groundwater Quality” by G. Fred Lee, P.E.
and Anne Jones Lee, Ph.D. (www.gfredlee.com/plandfil2/htm) and “Landfills are
Dangerous” by Peter Montague (www.rachel.org)